Palazzo Ducale di Avella e Anfiteatro Romano

Avella, Campania 83021, Italy

About

The roman amphitheatre was built between the I century B.C and the I century A. D. on some Samnite ruin (60*35). It has an elliptical structure and it was built with the technique of the opus reticulatum:

THE AMPHITHEATRE

The roman amphitheatre was built between the I century B.C and the I century A. D. on some Samnite ruin (60*35). It has an elliptical structure and it was built with the technique of the opus reticulatum: squared stones printed on the wall giving the impression of a rocky net. The cavea was made of three orders: the summa cavea, the moedia cavea and the ima cavea.

To enter the cavea there were some passageways called vomitoria while to enter the arena there were two doors: the porta triumphalis, reserved for the most important people of the city and to the winners of the fights, and the porta libitinensis through which they carried out the bodies of dead gladiators. Another door, smaller than the other ones, was reserved for the judges and it was on the western side of the arena; in front of it there was a votive shrine dedicated to the god Hercules: the gladiators prayed to him before fighting because they worshipped him.

THE DUCAL PALACE

The palace, built by the Colonnas in the XVI century, is situated on the main square of the city and it is also its townhall of it. At the main entrance, there are some commemorative stones. It was enlarged by the Spinellis and it also hosted the De Toledo family. It has a longitudinal structure with two entrances. In the second half of the XVIII century, it has been restored by adding a stairway with stucco decoration.

LIVIA COLONNA GARDEN

It was achieved in 1735 on a drawing by Vanvitelli, and it is behind the Ducal Palace. In the middle there is a rectangular fountain; flower beds are all around the four avenues and a marble fountain with a statue that represents the god Nile, a clear reference

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Avella, Campania 83021, Italy
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